Safety hazards are present in every workplace. To properly identify hazards and protect workers from them, a Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) should be performed. A proper JHA involves reviewing each task performed to determine where hazards exist; providing recommendations for hazard elimination/protection; and identifying appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) and training to inform employees of appropriate safety standards and precautions.
Administrative and/or engineering controls should be the first line of defense when protecting employees. PPE should be used when administrative and/or engineering controls are not sufficient to control exposure to the hazard(s).
Examples of recognized hazards include but are not limited to chemical exposures, radiological exposures, sharp objects, excessive noise, heavy objects, fall hazards, flying debris, overhead hazards, laser energy or other non-ionizing radiation, or any other hazard thatmay cause injury, illness, or impairment by inhalation, absorption, ingestion, injection or mechanical action.