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Web sites

COPYRIGHT Resources online

Below is a select list of online resources related to the topic of copyright. Please contact the Reference Desk at 910.521.6656 or refdesk@uncp.edu for assistance in locating additional resources. Reference Assistance may also be obtained through instant messaging uncpref.

The American Library Association's Copyright Web Site

http://www.ala.org/advocacy/copyright

Covers copyright news, issues, and current topics. Includes a topic index.

 

The United States Copyright Office's Web Site

http://www.copyright.gov

Covers basic copyright questions in an FAQ format. Provides useful links to copyright information including licensing and registering works.

 

The University of Texas 's Crash Course in Copyright

http://www.lib.utsystem.edu/copyright/

Cover copyright basics, includes a self quiz.

 

Stanford University 's Copyright Blog

http://fairuse.stanford.edu

Includes basic copyright information as well as current legal cases pertaining to copyright issues.

 

Indiana and Purdue University 's Copyright Management Center

https://www.copyright.com/learn/media-download/copyright-on-campus/

“This website provides access to a wide variety of resources about copyright in general and its importance to higher education, including a variety of other pages dealing with the subject of copyright.”

 

Know Your Copyrights

http://www.knowyourcopyrights.org/

“This site looks at copyright from the perspectives of all key academic stakeholders and suggests what each group can do to enhance their copyright practices and advance academic interests. To help libraries undertake a campus copyright educational campaign, a range of tools are offered.”

Articles

COPYRIGHT resources from
journal articles

Below are a number of articles related to the topic of copyright. Many more may be found in the Library's research databases, as well as other sources. Please contact the Reference Desk at 910.521.6656 or refdesk@uncp.edu for assistance in locating additional articles. Reference Assistance may also be obtained through instant messaging uncpref.

Big Myths about copyright explained – Brad Templeton

http://www.templetons.com/brad/copymyths.html

 

Copyright Law for the Digital Library Framework of Rights and Exceptions –Kenneth D. Crews, Indiana School of Law

http://dml.indiana.edu/pdf/CopyrightLawforDLibFramework.pdf

 

How Much of Someone Else's Work May I Use Without Asking Permission? The Fair Use Doctrine - Part II – Lloyd L. Rich

http://www.publaw.com/article/how-much-of-someone-elses-work-may-i-use-without-asking-permission-the-fair-use-doctrine-part-i/

 

The Law of Fair Use and the Illusion of Fair Use Guidelines – Kenneth Crews

http://moritzlaw.osu.edu/lawjournal/issues/volume62/number2/crews.pdf

 

Balancing Copyright Concerns: The TEACH Act 2001 – Laura Gassaway

http://www.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ERM01610.pdf

 

Laura Gasaway's TEACH Act Comparison Chart

http://www.unc.edu/%7Eunclng/TEACH.htm

Comparative analysis of issues between the previous law and the new TEACH Act; also contrasts new and old Sections 110(2) with “classroom exemption” for face-to-face instruction.

 

Trademark and Other Intellectual Property Resource Guide

http://www.marcaria.com/articles/Trademark-and-Other-Intellectual-Property-Resource-Guide.asp

 

Patients, Trademarks, & Copyrights - National Paralegal College

http://www.nationalparalegal.edu/public_documents/courseware_asp_files/patents/menu_patents.asp

 

Books

COPYRIGHT resources in the library

Below are a number of resources in the Library - print, media, and digital - related to the topic of copyright. Many more may be found in the Library's Government Documents, the Library's online catalog, BraveCat, as well as other sources. Please contact the Reference Desk at 910.521.6656 or refdesk@uncp.edu for assistance in locating additional resources. Reference Assistance may also be obtained through instant messaging uncpref.

The complete copyright liability handbook for librarians and educators / Tomas A. Lipinski. New York : Neal-Schuman Publishers, c2006. UNCP General Collection - KF 3080 .L57 2006

The copyright compliance series. The DMCA [videorecording] : the digital millennium copyright act in detail / Chip Taylor Communications presents. Derry, NH : Chip Taylor Communications, 2006. UNCP Media DVD - KF 2995 .C6793 2006

Copyright law and the distance education classroom / Tomas A.Lipinski. Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 2005. UNCP General Collection KF 4209 .E38 L57 2005

Copyright law for librarians and educators : creative strategies and practical solutions / Kenneth D. Crews ; with contributions from Dwayne K. Buttler ... [et al.] Chicago : American Library Association, 2005. UNCP General Collection -KF 2995 .C74 2005

Colleges, code, and copyright : the impact of digital networks and technological controls on copyright and the dissemination of information in higher education / Center for Intellectual Property, University of Maryland, University College. Chicago : Association of College and Research Libraries, 2005. UNCP General Collection - Z674 .A75 no. 57

Complete copyright : an everyday guide for librarians / Carrie Russell, [editor] Chicago : American Library Association, c2004. UNCP Reference Collection - KF 2995 .C57 2004

The librarian's copyright companion / James S. Heller. Buffalo, N.Y. : W.S. Hein, 2004. UNCP General Collection - KF 2995 .H45 2004

Making copyrTuesday, March 29, 2011en Ellyn, Ill.] : College of DuPage, c2004. UNCP Media DVD - Z649 .F35 M355 2004

Copyright : a guide to information and resources / [Gary H. Becker, consultant] Lake Mary, FL : G.H. Becker, c2003. UNCP General Collection - Folio - Z642 .B435 2003

Copyright in the age of technology [videorecording] / produced by Course Development and web services at the University of Florida. [S.l.], FL : University of Central Florida, 2002. UNCP Media DVD - KF 3030.1 .B435 2002

Works made for hire under the 1976 Copyright Act. Washington, D.C. (101 Independence Ave., S.E., Washington 20559- 6000) : Library of Congress, Copyright Office, 2001. UNCP US Documents - LC 3.4/2:9/2000-2

Copyright in cyberspace : questions and answers for librariansTuesday, March 29, 2011, 2001. UNCP Reserves - KF 3030.1 .Z9 H 4 2001

Digital copyright : protecting intellectual property on the Internet ... / Jessica Litman. Amherst, N.Y. : Prometheus Books, 2001. UNCP General Collection - KF 3030.1 .L58 2004

The copyright handbook [electronic resource] : how to protect & use written works / by Stephen Fishman. Berkeley, Calif. : Nolo.com, 2001, c2000. UNCP NetLibrary Book

Patent, copyright & trademark [electronic resource] / by Stephen Elias and Richard Stim ; edited by Beth McKenna. Berkeley, Calif. : Nolo, 2001. UNCP NetLibrary Book

COPYRIGHT FAQ

Below are some questions the Library is frequently asked regarding copyright and Fair Use. They are based on information from copyright resources studied by the Library's Copyright Committee and are not meant to serve as legal guidance, but to provide basic information about the nature of copyright. If the question you have is not found in the list below, please contact any member of the Library's Copyright Committee for further assistance.

What is copyright?

What can be protected by copyright?

What is the public domain?

What is fair use?

Can a student or faculty member create a web site or other project using various materials protected by copyright and used without permission?

Is there “personal fair use?”

Why should someone worry about infringement?

If there is no copyright notice on the material, can it be used without permission?

Are plagiarism and copyright the same thing?

So if credit is given to the creator, then are there no copyright concerns?

Why would an author need permission to use material they have written?

Is it allowable to make a compilation of small video clips for a project or presentation?

Is copyright the same for digital and analog materials?

Are any special permissions needed to perform or broadcast a music or dramatic piece?

Can performances be recorded?

Can images be used if they are manipulated first in Photoshop?

I don’t have time to identify the copyright holders. Does the US Copyright Office provide a service for identifying copyright holders?

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Frequently Asked Questions about Copyright

What is copyright?

The exclusive right of a creator to reproduce and market their intellectual property (creative works) to the public for limited times (usually for 70 years after creator’s death). Under U.S. law this includes derivative works, distribution, display, performance, and digital transmission. If a person other than the copyright holder uses one of these rights before the limited time is up, could be legally guilty of copyright infringement. Foreign publications are given the same protection through international intellectual property agreements.

What can be protected by copyright?

• Literature
• Music
• Dramatic works
• Choreography
• Pictures, sculptures, and graphic art
• Movies and other audiovisual works
• Sound recordings
• Architechture

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What is the public domain?

Materials that are no longer or never was protected by copyright. Anyone may exercise the rights of a copyright holder with these materials. See our web resources section for assistance in determining whether or not materials are in the public domain. Just because something is out of print does not mean it is in the public domain. Also, works in the public domain can be republished, and the new version will then be protected by copyright.

What is fair use?

Fair use is an exception written into the copyright law to allow for users to exercise some of the copyright holders rights, such as making a copy, without permission under certain conditions, including educational purposes. Four factors are weighed to determine if a use is “fair” including the purpose of the use, the nature of the work, the amount of the work used, and the potential market effect for the copyright holder. Click here for a sample Fair Use checklist, though this is just a guideline and not a black and white answer. Determining Fair Use is often ambiguous, so you may want to consult someone with some knowledge of copyright to assist you with the process. The Library will complete this process for materials submitted for course reserves.

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Can a student or faculty member create a web site or other project using various materials protected by copyright and used without permission?

It all depends. Each item used must be evaluated for Fair Use, though if the product is a course requirement and the final product is not made publicly accessible – e.g. though the web – then the use is generally considered fair.

Is there “personal fair use?”

Yes, individuals may make copies of copyrighted works or compilations for their own personal use – as when you tape a tv show for later viewing. However, if you share those copies either physically or digitally – even with just a small number of people like a study group – you could be held liable for copyright infringement.

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Why should someone worry about infringement?

Under copyright law, infringement can result in financial penalties with the court having discretion to allow the recovery of full costs plus attorneys fees, which could be substantial. Criminal and civil charges may apply.

If there is no copyright notice on the material, can it be used without permission?

Not necessarily, as not all copyrighted works have a notice of copyright. If the copyright holder cannot be determined, you may want to think twice about using the resource.

Are plagiarism and copyright the same thing?

Both concepts refer to the use of another person’s creative expression, or intellectual property. Plagiarism refers to passing another’s material in any amount off as ones own, intentionally or accidentally, and there are no time limitations. Copyright, however, is protection given to creators to control their own intellectual property for a limited time. Another difference is that is is possible to plagiarize ideas, which copyright does not protect.

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So if credit is given to the creator, then are there no copyright concerns?

No, copyright is still an issue if the material is used in a way that is infringing.

Why would an author need permission to use material they have written?

The author is not necessarily the copyright holder, as often publishers require authors to release copyright upon submission. In these cases, the publisher is the copyright holder.

Is it allowable to make a compilation of small video clips for a project or presentation?

No. Video compilations are currently prohibited, however there are many online resources where video clips may be found and used. Portions of copyrighted works may be used in multimedia creations, such as presentations, if Fair Use applies and the two year limitation on use is followed.

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Is copyright the same for digital and analog materials?

While the law is supposed to be technologically neutral, in reality users of digital works cannot use them in the same way as analog works because of technological measures taken by the copyright holders to prevent piracy. Any attempt to circumvent these technological protections is a violation of copyright law.

Are any special permissions needed to perform or broadcast a music or dramatic piece?

If the performance is within a face-to-face classroom setting, the use is generally allowable. Other performances and broadcasts generally require performance rights be purchased.

Can performances be recorded?

Fair Use makes this activity generally allowable, as long as the recordings are not made available for purchase and distribution is limited to involved parties, such as student participants or their parents. However, if the performance rights were purchased under a licensing agreement, recordings may be prevented under the terms of the contract. Contract law always trumps copyright law.

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Can images be used if they are manipulated first in Photoshop?

This is creating a derivative work, which would be a copyright infringement. If enough of the image were changed so that is had no resemblance to the original, the use might qualify as fair.

I don’t have time to identify the copyright holders. Does the US Copyright Office provide a service for identifying copyright holders?

Yes, at an expense of $65 per hour. Responses take anywhere from several weeks to several months. Or you could contact the Library’s Copyright Committee for assistance.

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Electronic Resources

Databases by Subject

 

Databases by Title

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All Databases 

Course LibGuides

When accessing databases remotely, you will be prompted to identify yourself by entering your last or first name, your University ID number (which is your BANNER ID Number: 84xxxxxxx), and a PIN.If you need assistance, ask the librarian at the Reference Desk, email Ask a Librarian, or call the Reference Desk at 910.521.6656.

Related Links:

BraveDOCKS

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About BraveDOCKS

Welcome to BraveDOCKS, the University of North Carolina at Pembroke's open-access institutional repository. BraveDOCKS, in partnership with NC DOCKS, is part of a UNC system-wide initiative to collect and archive the scholarly output of North Carolina’s universities

Why You Should Get Involved

  • Provides a permanent archive of your work
  • Provides easier access for your colleagues and students
  • Garners a worldwide audience for your work
  • Increases the uses and citations of your work by researchers and scholars
  • Showcases UNCP faculty scholarship

To access BraveDOCKS or NC DOCKS click the links below:

How to Get Started - It's easy!

We know you are all very busy, so all you have to do is submit a personal profile and then e-mail citations of your scholarship (from your vita). That’s all!
The Library will then research the copyright status of each work and will work with you to make sure that the works are available in appropriate formats (e.g., PDF, mp3, Quicktime, etc), so that they can be easily viewed by a greater audience.

Related Links:

Other Library Catalogs

From this page you may connect to other libraries using the World Wide Web search engine their system provides, or you may use the Z39.50 Search Engine of the Consortium's INNOPAC catalog, which allows you to search remote catalogs using a familiar interface.

Additionally, if you are a student or employee of one of the UNC Coastal Library Consortium institutions, you may initiate interlibrary loan requests for materials you find as a result of Z39.50 searches. WWW search engines, which are not part of the INNOPAC system, do not allow this feature.

Please select the method you prefer:

World Wide Web | Z39.50


UNC System Libraries via WWW

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Related Links:

Your Library record information

View Your Library Record to see what items are checked out on your library account, to verify item due dates, and to renew items. You may also check the status of items placed on hold. In order to check on materials requested through Interlibrary Loan, go to Illiad

When you click on Your Library Record, you will be prompted to identify yourself by entering your last or first name, your Banner ID number, and a PIN.

  • Items currently checked out will list titles, due dates and call numbers for materials checked out to you. You can renew your own materials unless the items are already past due, or if someone else has requested the item. When an item has been successfully renewed, the new due date appears immediately.
  • Hold requests outstanding show titles, status (usually the due date) and the location and call number for items you have requested to be held for you upon return or receipt.  If you no longer need an item you can cancel the hold.
  • Hold request can be picked up at the circulation desk. 

View Your Library Record

*Remember, any materials requested through Interlibrary loan, please go to Illiad to check the status or call the circulation desk, 910-521-6516.

Your Library Record

View Your Library Record to see what items are checked out on your library account, to verify item due dates, and to renew items. In addition, you may check the status of items both requested via Interlibrary Loan and placed on hold.

When you click on Your Library Record, you will be prompted to identify yourself by entering your last or first name, your University ID number (which is your BANNER ID Number: 84xxxxxxx), and a PIN.

Create a PIN with one of these tools [PDF] [WORD]

view2.jpg

More information about Your Library Record

Related Links:

Wes Taukchiray Collection

To access the materials in this collection please contact Special Collections.

  • 1: Alibamo
  • 2: Anishinibeg/"Ojibwa"
  • 3: Apache
  • 4: Apalachee
  • 5: Arapaho
  • 6: Aromuskeet (town of Machapunga: descendants)
  • 7: Attakapa
  • 8: Blackfoot
  • 9: Black Cherokee, Sale Creek, Tenn.
  • 10: Bosra claim based on 1807
  • 11: Canada Indians
  • 12: Cape Fear Indians
  • 13: Carmel Indians
  • 14: Catawba Geneology
  • 15: Catawba (1540-1842)
  • 16: Catawba (1849-1940)
  • 17: Catawba (1944)
  • 18: Catawba (1941-1981)
  • 19: Catawba (1992-1996)
  • 20: Catawba (1997- )
  • 21: Catawba, No Date
  • 22: Catawba land claims settelement, 1993
  • 23: Catawba language: miscellaneous
  • 24: Dr. Siebert on Catawba
  • 25: Catawba man at Welhik Tupnik (New Philadelphia), Ohio, 1779
  • 26: Catawba photos
  • 27: Catawba related newspaper articles
  • 28: Catawbas at Checotah
  • 29: Catawbas named Tims (Thames)
  • 30: Catawba miscellaneous
  • 31: Catawbas visiting Fayetteville, 1831
  • 31a: Catawba/Kusso Descendants Named Creel and Clark: S.C. Low Country
  • 32: Cheraw
  • 33a: Cherokee (1759-1889)
  • 33b: Cherokee (1934-1992)
  • 34: Cherokee (1993-1999)
  • 35: Cherokees of New Mexico (legit)
  • 36: Cheyenne
  • 37: Chickahominy (1608-1722)
  • 38: Chickahominy (since 1820)
  • 39: Chickasaw
  • 40: Chitimacha
  • 41: Choctaw
  • 41a: Choctaw band in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana
  • 42: Chowanoc
  • 43: Chyawhaw
  • 44: Congaree
  • 45: Connamocksock
  • 46: Crow
  • 47: Dawhee ("Cape Fear Indians")
  • 48: Ebarb
  • 49: Fifth Ward Settlement (Choctaws)
  • 50: Four Winds Tribe, Louisiana
  • 51: Gingaskin
  • 52: Gingaskin Indians
  • 53: Houma (historic)
  • 54: Hupa
  • 55: Indian Slaves
  • 56: Indians of Rockingham County, NC
  • 57: Iroquois influence on the US Constitution
  • 58: Jena Band of Choctaw
  • 59: Kickapoo
  • 60: Kiowa
  • 61: Koasati
  • 62: Language retention among tribes federally recognized since 1980
  • 63: Leni Lenape: the Okehocking Band
  • 64: Luiseno
  • 65: Lumbee
  • 66: Maliseet
  • 67: Mandan
  • 68: Mashpee
  • 69: Massachusett/Natick
  • 70: Matinecock
  • 71a: Mattaponi reservation to 1997
  • 71b: Mattaponi reservation (1998- )
  • 71c: Mattaponi reservation marriage licenses (1883-1967)
  • 71d: Upper Mattaponi, 1892 ff.
  • 71e: Upper Mattaponi marriage licenses (1885-1921)
  • 72: Menominee
  • 73: Megehe, a Waterree headman
  • 74: Melungeon Bibliography
  • 75: Metis
  • 76: Miami
  • 77: Miami: Anthropological
  • 78: Miami: Historical
  • 79: Miami: Anthropological
  • 80: Mikasuki
  • 81: Mithun, Marianne
  • 82: Mohawk
  • 83: Mohegan
  • 84: Monacan
  • 85: Montaukett/Shinnecock
  • 86: Mounds
  • 87: Multitribal
  • 88: Muskogi
  • 89: Nansemond
  • 90: Nanticoke
  • 91: Narragansett
  • 92: Natchez
  • 93: Navajo
  • 94: Nicoleno Indians
  • 95: Nipmuc
  • 96: Norridgewock
  • 97: Nottoway
  • 98: Omaha
  • 99: Oneida
  • 100: Onondoga
  • 101: Osage
  • 102: Paleo Ethno Botany
  • 103: Passamoquoddy
  • 104: Paugusett
  • 105: Pearson, Bruce
  • 106: Penobscot
  • 107: Pequot
  • 108: Poarch Band of Creeks
  • 109: Ponca
  • 110: Potawatomi
  • 111: Poteskeet
  • 112: Price
  • 113: Pueblo of Santa Ana
  • 114: Quapaw
  • 115: Quinnipiac
  • 116: Rappahannock
  • 117: Salish
  • 118: San Juan Southern Paiute
  • 119: Saponi
  • 120: Schaghticoke
  • 121: Seawee
  • 122: Seminole & Mikasuki
  • 123: Seneca
  • 124: Shaawanwa
  • 125: Shakori
  • 126: Shanes, Walshes & Macartys
  • 127: Shasta
  • 128: Shinnecock
  • 129: Sioux
  • 130: Snoqualmie
  • 131: Split-cane
  • 132: Spokane
  • 133: Spurlocks
  • 134: Stockbridge (same as Muhheakunnuk)
  • 135: Taino
  • 136: Tatoos
  • 137: Tawasa
  • 138: Tehuelche
  • 139: tobacco
  • 140: Timicua
  • 141: Tonkawa
  • 142: Tunica
  • 143: Tubatalabal
  • 144: Tuscarora
  • 145: Tutelo Rituals on the Six Nations Reserve (Canada)
  • 146: Unkechaug
  • 147: Wampanoag
  • 148: Wando
  • 149: Warclub
  • 150: Warm Springs Reservation
  • 151: Washo
  • 152: Welsh hoax
  • 153: West Coast
  • 154: Wichita
  • 155: Winia
  • 156: Winnebago
  • 157: Wyandott
  • 158: Wyanoke
  • 159: Yamasee
  • 160: Yuchi
  • 161: Yuki

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