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Library

COPYRIGHT FAQ

Below are some questions the Library is frequently asked regarding copyright and Fair Use. They are based on information from copyright resources studied by the Library's Copyright Committee and are not meant to serve as legal guidance, but to provide basic information about the nature of copyright. If the question you have is not found in the list below, please contact any member of the Library's Copyright Committee for further assistance.

What is copyright?

What can be protected by copyright?

What is the public domain?

What is fair use?

Can a student or faculty member create a web site or other project using various materials protected by copyright and used without permission?

Is there “personal fair use?”

Why should someone worry about infringement?

If there is no copyright notice on the material, can it be used without permission?

Are plagiarism and copyright the same thing?

So if credit is given to the creator, then are there no copyright concerns?

Why would an author need permission to use material they have written?

Is it allowable to make a compilation of small video clips for a project or presentation?

Is copyright the same for digital and analog materials?

Are any special permissions needed to perform or broadcast a music or dramatic piece?

Can performances be recorded?

Can images be used if they are manipulated first in Photoshop?

I don’t have time to identify the copyright holders. Does the US Copyright Office provide a service for identifying copyright holders?

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Frequently Asked Questions about Copyright

What is copyright?

The exclusive right of a creator to reproduce and market their intellectual property (creative works) to the public for limited times (usually for 70 years after creator’s death). Under U.S. law this includes derivative works, distribution, display, performance, and digital transmission. If a person other than the copyright holder uses one of these rights before the limited time is up, could be legally guilty of copyright infringement. Foreign publications are given the same protection through international intellectual property agreements.

What can be protected by copyright?

• Literature
• Music
• Dramatic works
• Choreography
• Pictures, sculptures, and graphic art
• Movies and other audiovisual works
• Sound recordings
• Architechture

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What is the public domain?

Materials that are no longer or never was protected by copyright. Anyone may exercise the rights of a copyright holder with these materials. See our web resources section for assistance in determining whether or not materials are in the public domain. Just because something is out of print does not mean it is in the public domain. Also, works in the public domain can be republished, and the new version will then be protected by copyright.

What is fair use?

Fair use is an exception written into the copyright law to allow for users to exercise some of the copyright holders rights, such as making a copy, without permission under certain conditions, including educational purposes. Four factors are weighed to determine if a use is “fair” including the purpose of the use, the nature of the work, the amount of the work used, and the potential market effect for the copyright holder. Click here for a sample Fair Use checklist, though this is just a guideline and not a black and white answer. Determining Fair Use is often ambiguous, so you may want to consult someone with some knowledge of copyright to assist you with the process. The Library will complete this process for materials submitted for course reserves.

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Can a student or faculty member create a web site or other project using various materials protected by copyright and used without permission?

It all depends. Each item used must be evaluated for Fair Use, though if the product is a course requirement and the final product is not made publicly accessible – e.g. though the web – then the use is generally considered fair.

Is there “personal fair use?”

Yes, individuals may make copies of copyrighted works or compilations for their own personal use – as when you tape a tv show for later viewing. However, if you share those copies either physically or digitally – even with just a small number of people like a study group – you could be held liable for copyright infringement.

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Why should someone worry about infringement?

Under copyright law, infringement can result in financial penalties with the court having discretion to allow the recovery of full costs plus attorneys fees, which could be substantial. Criminal and civil charges may apply.

If there is no copyright notice on the material, can it be used without permission?

Not necessarily, as not all copyrighted works have a notice of copyright. If the copyright holder cannot be determined, you may want to think twice about using the resource.

Are plagiarism and copyright the same thing?

Both concepts refer to the use of another person’s creative expression, or intellectual property. Plagiarism refers to passing another’s material in any amount off as ones own, intentionally or accidentally, and there are no time limitations. Copyright, however, is protection given to creators to control their own intellectual property for a limited time. Another difference is that is is possible to plagiarize ideas, which copyright does not protect.

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So if credit is given to the creator, then are there no copyright concerns?

No, copyright is still an issue if the material is used in a way that is infringing.

Why would an author need permission to use material they have written?

The author is not necessarily the copyright holder, as often publishers require authors to release copyright upon submission. In these cases, the publisher is the copyright holder.

Is it allowable to make a compilation of small video clips for a project or presentation?

No. Video compilations are currently prohibited, however there are many online resources where video clips may be found and used. Portions of copyrighted works may be used in multimedia creations, such as presentations, if Fair Use applies and the two year limitation on use is followed.

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Is copyright the same for digital and analog materials?

While the law is supposed to be technologically neutral, in reality users of digital works cannot use them in the same way as analog works because of technological measures taken by the copyright holders to prevent piracy. Any attempt to circumvent these technological protections is a violation of copyright law.

Are any special permissions needed to perform or broadcast a music or dramatic piece?

If the performance is within a face-to-face classroom setting, the use is generally allowable. Other performances and broadcasts generally require performance rights be purchased.

Can performances be recorded?

Fair Use makes this activity generally allowable, as long as the recordings are not made available for purchase and distribution is limited to involved parties, such as student participants or their parents. However, if the performance rights were purchased under a licensing agreement, recordings may be prevented under the terms of the contract. Contract law always trumps copyright law.

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Can images be used if they are manipulated first in Photoshop?

This is creating a derivative work, which would be a copyright infringement. If enough of the image were changed so that is had no resemblance to the original, the use might qualify as fair.

I don’t have time to identify the copyright holders. Does the US Copyright Office provide a service for identifying copyright holders?

Yes, at an expense of $65 per hour. Responses take anywhere from several weeks to several months. Or you could contact the Library’s Copyright Committee for assistance.

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Electronic Resources

Databases by Subject

 

Databases by Title

ALL   A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P R S T V W Z

 

Course LibGuides

When accessing databases remotely, you will be prompted to identify yourself by entering your last or first name, your University ID number (which is your BANNER ID Number: 84xxxxxxx), and a PIN.If you need assistance, ask the librarian at the Reference Desk, email Ask a Librarian, or call the Reference Desk at 910.521.6656.

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BraveDOCKS

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About BraveDOCKS

Welcome to BraveDOCKS, the University of North Carolina at Pembroke's open-access institutional repository. BraveDOCKS, in partnership with NC DOCKS, is part of a UNC system-wide initiative to collect and archive the scholarly output of North Carolina’s universities

Why You Should Get Involved

  • Provides a permanent archive of your work
  • Provides easier access for your colleagues and students
  • Garners a worldwide audience for your work
  • Increases the uses and citations of your work by researchers and scholars
  • Showcases UNCP faculty scholarship

To access BraveDOCKS or NC DOCKS click the links below:

How to Get Started - It's easy!

We know you are all very busy, so all you have to do is submit a personal profile and then e-mail citations of your scholarship (from your vita). That’s all!
The Library will then research the copyright status of each work and will work with you to make sure that the works are available in appropriate formats (e.g., PDF, mp3, Quicktime, etc), so that they can be easily viewed by a greater audience.

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Other Library Catalogs

From this page you may connect to other libraries using the World Wide Web search engine their system provides, or you may use the Z39.50 Search Engine of the Consortium's INNOPAC catalog, which allows you to search remote catalogs using a familiar interface.

Additionally, if you are a student or employee of one of the UNC Coastal Library Consortium institutions, you may initiate interlibrary loan requests for materials you find as a result of Z39.50 searches. WWW search engines, which are not part of the INNOPAC system, do not allow this feature.

Please select the method you prefer:

World Wide Web | Z39.50


UNC System Libraries via WWW

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Your Library record information

View Your Library Record to see what items are checked out on your library account, to verify item due dates, and to renew items. In addition, you may check the status of items both requested via Interlibrary Loan and placed on hold.

When you click on Your Library Record, you will be prompted to identify yourself by entering your last or first name, your ID number (the letter p and your social security number without dashes), and a PIN.

  • Items currently checked out will list titles, due dates and call numbers for materials checked out to you. You can renew your own materials unless the items are already past due, or if someone else has requested the item. When an item has been successfully renewed, the new due date appears immediately.
  • Hold requests outstanding show titles, status (usually the due date) and the location and call number for items you have requested to be held for you upon return or receipt. Interlibrary Loan requests you have made appear in this list as soon as the request has been processed. You can cancel holds. To cancel Interlibrary Loan requests, please call or come to the Interlibrary Loan Office.
  • Interlibrary Loan office telephone numbers are:
      • UNC Pembroke: 910.521.6516
      • Fayetteville State University: 910.486.1233
      • UNC Wilmington: 910.962.3273

Interlibrary Loan materials display the status "Awaiting arrival" from the time that the Library's Interlibrary Loan staff has processed the request until the material is received in the Library.

When requested mateials are received, the status displays "Ready for pickup." ILL materials should be picked up at the Circulation Desk.

View Your Library Record

Your Library Record

View Your Library Record to see what items are checked out on your library account, to verify item due dates, and to renew items. In addition, you may check the status of items both requested via Interlibrary Loan and placed on hold.

When you click on Your Library Record, you will be prompted to identify yourself by entering your last or first name, your University ID number (which is your BANNER ID Number: 84xxxxxxx), and a PIN.

Create a PIN with one of these tools [PDF] [WORD]

view2.jpg

More information about Your Library Record

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Wes Taukchiray Collection

To access the materials in this collection please contact Special Collections.

  • 1: Alibamo
  • 2: Anishinibeg/"Ojibwa"
  • 3: Apache
  • 4: Apalachee
  • 5: Arapaho
  • 6: Aromuskeet (town of Machapunga: descendants)
  • 7: Attakapa
  • 8: Blackfoot
  • 9: Black Cherokee, Sale Creek, Tenn.
  • 10: Bosra claim based on 1807
  • 11: Canada Indians
  • 12: Cape Fear Indians
  • 13: Carmel Indians
  • 14: Catawba Geneology
  • 15: Catawba (1540-1842)
  • 16: Catawba (1849-1940)
  • 17: Catawba (1944)
  • 18: Catawba (1941-1981)
  • 19: Catawba (1992-1996)
  • 20: Catawba (1997- )
  • 21: Catawba, No Date
  • 22: Catawba land claims settelement, 1993
  • 23: Catawba language: miscellaneous
  • 24: Dr. Siebert on Catawba
  • 25: Catawba man at Welhik Tupnik (New Philadelphia), Ohio, 1779
  • 26: Catawba photos
  • 27: Catawba related newspaper articles
  • 28: Catawbas at Checotah
  • 29: Catawbas named Tims (Thames)
  • 30: Catawba miscellaneous
  • 31: Catawbas visiting Fayetteville, 1831
  • 31a: Catawba/Kusso Descendants Named Creel and Clark: S.C. Low Country
  • 32: Cheraw
  • 33a: Cherokee (1759-1889)
  • 33b: Cherokee (1934-1992)
  • 34: Cherokee (1993-1999)
  • 35: Cherokees of New Mexico (legit)
  • 36: Cheyenne
  • 37: Chickahominy (1608-1722)
  • 38: Chickahominy (since 1820)
  • 39: Chickasaw
  • 40: Chitimacha
  • 41: Choctaw
  • 41a: Choctaw band in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana
  • 42: Chowanoc
  • 43: Chyawhaw
  • 44: Congaree
  • 45: Connamocksock
  • 46: Crow
  • 47: Dawhee ("Cape Fear Indians")
  • 48: Ebarb
  • 49: Fifth Ward Settlement (Choctaws)
  • 50: Four Winds Tribe, Louisiana
  • 51: Gingaskin
  • 52: Gingaskin Indians
  • 53: Houma (historic)
  • 54: Hupa
  • 55: Indian Slaves
  • 56: Indians of Rockingham County, NC
  • 57: Iroquois influence on the US Constitution
  • 58: Jena Band of Choctaw
  • 59: Kickapoo
  • 60: Kiowa
  • 61: Koasati
  • 62: Language retention among tribes federally recognized since 1980
  • 63: Leni Lenape: the Okehocking Band
  • 64: Luiseno
  • 65: Lumbee
  • 66: Maliseet
  • 67: Mandan
  • 68: Mashpee
  • 69: Massachusett/Natick
  • 70: Matinecock
  • 71a: Mattaponi reservation to 1997
  • 71b: Mattaponi reservation (1998- )
  • 71c: Mattaponi reservation marriage licenses (1883-1967)
  • 71d: Upper Mattaponi, 1892 ff.
  • 71e: Upper Mattaponi marriage licenses (1885-1921)
  • 72: Menominee
  • 73: Megehe, a Waterree headman
  • 74: Melungeon Bibliography
  • 75: Metis
  • 76: Miami
  • 77: Miami: Anthropological
  • 78: Miami: Historical
  • 79: Miami: Anthropological
  • 80: Mikasuki
  • 81: Mithun, Marianne
  • 82: Mohawk
  • 83: Mohegan
  • 84: Monacan
  • 85: Montaukett/Shinnecock
  • 86: Mounds
  • 87: Multitribal
  • 88: Muskogi
  • 89: Nansemond
  • 90: Nanticoke
  • 91: Narragansett
  • 92: Natchez
  • 93: Navajo
  • 94: Nicoleno Indians
  • 95: Nipmuc
  • 96: Norridgewock
  • 97: Nottoway
  • 98: Omaha
  • 99: Oneida
  • 100: Onondoga
  • 101: Osage
  • 102: Paleo Ethno Botany
  • 103: Passamoquoddy
  • 104: Paugusett
  • 105: Pearson, Bruce
  • 106: Penobscot
  • 107: Pequot
  • 108: Poarch Band of Creeks
  • 109: Ponca
  • 110: Potawatomi
  • 111: Poteskeet
  • 112: Price
  • 113: Pueblo of Santa Ana
  • 114: Quapaw
  • 115: Quinnipiac
  • 116: Rappahannock
  • 117: Salish
  • 118: San Juan Southern Paiute
  • 119: Saponi
  • 120: Schaghticoke
  • 121: Seawee
  • 122: Seminole & Mikasuki
  • 123: Seneca
  • 124: Shaawanwa
  • 125: Shakori
  • 126: Shanes, Walshes & Macartys
  • 127: Shasta
  • 128: Shinnecock
  • 129: Sioux
  • 130: Snoqualmie
  • 131: Split-cane
  • 132: Spokane
  • 133: Spurlocks
  • 134: Stockbridge (same as Muhheakunnuk)
  • 135: Taino
  • 136: Tatoos
  • 137: Tawasa
  • 138: Tehuelche
  • 139: tobacco
  • 140: Timicua
  • 141: Tonkawa
  • 142: Tunica
  • 143: Tubatalabal
  • 144: Tuscarora
  • 145: Tutelo Rituals on the Six Nations Reserve (Canada)
  • 146: Unkechaug
  • 147: Wampanoag
  • 148: Wando
  • 149: Warclub
  • 150: Warm Springs Reservation
  • 151: Washo
  • 152: Welsh hoax
  • 153: West Coast
  • 154: Wichita
  • 155: Winia
  • 156: Winnebago
  • 157: Wyandott
  • 158: Wyanoke
  • 159: Yamasee
  • 160: Yuchi
  • 161: Yuki

UNIVERSITY AWARDS AND SPEAKERS

University Awards

UNC Board of Governors Award for Teaching Excellence Established 1994-95 (ADMN Memo #343)

To underscore the importance of teaching and to encourage, identify, recognize, reward and support good teaching in the university, the Board of Governors created system-wide teaching awards designated "Board of Governors' Awards for Excellence in Teaching." One recipient is selected annually from each of the 16 constituent institutions of the University of North Carolina to receive a stipend and a citation. Nominations for the BOG are solicited in the first part of the fall semester. The winner receives a substantial financial award, serves as grand marshal for the spring commencement, and is the featured speaker for the winter commencement.

The Board of Governors' Nominee for Public Service

Each constituent institution in the UNC system selects a nominee for Excellence demonstrated in public service. Candidates for the UNCP nomination display sustained, distinguished, and superb achievement in University public service and outreach, and contribute to improving the quality of life of the citizens of North Carolina. The UNCP nominee also receives a substantial financial award. Nominations for the BOG in Public Service are solicited in the first part of the spring semester. This award was established in 2008.

Dial Awards

The Dial Awards were originally established with three categories, Excellence in Teaching, Scholarship and Creative Work, and Community service. In 1994 the Teaching award was discontinued with the establishment of the BOG and outstanding teaching awards.

Emeritus Faculty

This is an honorary designation for those faculty members and administrative personnel who have retired after at least ten years of distinguished service to The University of North Carolina at Pembroke.

The attached is a list of retired members of the faculty who have been awarded emeritus status. The date indicated is the year of initial appointment. The is a list of retired members of the faculty who have been awarded emeritus status. The date indicated is the year of initial appointment.

Excellence in Academic Advising Award (BellSouth)

A 2004 grant from Bell South made the awards possible. When the award was first established, Chancellor Allen Meadors stated, "We have a lot of first generation college students, and advising can make the difference.”

Honorary Degrees

The honorary degree is a traditional means of the academic university to recognize distinguished individuals who have made significant contributions to the University over an extended period of time or whose outstanding personal or professional endeavors complement the University's role and mission. The university community must view candidates as unique, recognizable figures whose public recognition brings honor on the University of North Carolina at Pembroke

Peter B. Vaill Business Facultyship Award

The award was established by Eric B. Dent, Dean of the School of Business, and his wife Amy. They agreed to create an endowment to support an annual award for an outstanding business faculty member. The award will go to a faculty member who demonstrates outstanding teaching, scholarship and service to the University and exemplary organizational citizenship behavior. The name of the award is the Peter B. Vaill Facultyship Award.“ It is named after a professor who exemplifies the ideals of the award,” Dr. Dent said.

School of Education’s Distinguished Faculty Award

The Distinguished Faculty Award is presented to a faculty member from one of the five departments. This faculty member is recognized for contributions in the areas of teaching, scholarship and service. Accomplishments for which he/she is nominated must clearly exceed ordinary expectations and should clearly be acknowledged by peers and/or the broader public as outstanding contribution.

UNCP Distinguished Professor Award (1983-1994)

This award was established to honor faculty who displayed excellence in teaching, research, and service. A committee of faculty and students made the selection, appointed by Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs. This award was superseded by the BOG.

UNCP Outstanding Teaching Award                              Established 1994

Outstanding teachers demonstrate enthusiasm and commitment to professional growth, are effective through clear course materials and presentations, varied instructional strategies, and suitable measures of student learning, while displaying skill in engaging student interest, challenging students, and eliciting high levels of student achievement. The Faculty Awards committee awards up to five outstanding teaching awards each year. Nominees for the outstanding teaching awards are solicited in the first part of the spring semester.

Outstanding Teaching Award for Part Time Faculty

This award was created in Spring 2010 to recognize the achievements and successes of the University’s part-time faculty. It is given to up to one part-time faculty member each year.

Commencement and Convocation Speakers

Convocation Speakers

Commencement Speakers

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Rundus Collection of Joseph Mitchell

The Rundus Collection of Joseph Mitchell includes personal books, correspondence, and background information collected by Dr. Raymond J. Rundus.  Dr. Rundus’ longtime interest in Mr. Mitchell prompted him to write two books:  Joseph Mitchell: Pilgrim in Manhattan and Joseph Mitchell: A Reader’s and Writer’s Guide.  Mr. Mitchell was born in Fairmont in 1908 where he lived until his relocation to New York in 1928.  He spent 58 years as a writer for The New Yorker while maintaining family ties in the Robeson County area.

Inventory of the Rundus Collection

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Lumbee River Funds

lumbee_fund.gifThe Lumbee River Fund Collection supports the study and preservation of Lumbee Indian history, culture, religion, education, and political life. These materials reflect efforts to preserve the past and improve the future lives of Indian people through interdisciplinary research and education at the University, community, state and regional levels. This is a collection of photographs, videos, and audio tapes collected from various sources in an attempt to provide the researcher with a diverse perspective about the history of the Lumbee Indian people.

 

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