MTRC Research Activities

Work in Progress

“Equilibrium in Insurance Market with Medical Tourism” (with X. Shi), (Revised and resubmitted to Studies in Microeconomics in Feb, 2021).

“Medical Tourism: Why, Where, and How Shall I Travel for Care Post-Covid,” (in progress)

“Medical Tourism: Consumer Motivation to travel for Treatment Post-Covid-19,” (in progress)

“SWOT Analysis of Medical Tourism in Greece & Turkey” (in progress)

“The Participation of Insurance Companies in Medical Tourism,” (in progress).

Publications

Gan, Lydia, Koirala, Bishwa, and Fredrick, James (2018). Medical tourism: Whom shall I use? Academy of Economics and Finance Journal, 8, 7-18.

Gan, Lydia L., & Frederick, James R. (2018). The choice of facilitators in medical tourism. Healthcare Marketing Quarterly, Feb 23, 35(3), 503-517. doi:10.1080/07359683.2018.1434891

Gan, Lydia, Fredrick, James, and Wiencek, Donna (2016). Medical tourism: A tale of two campuses. Journal of International Business Research and Practice, 10, 202-215.

Gan, Lydia L., & Frederick, James R. (2015). “Regional Differences: Scope and Trust among Medical Tourism Facilitators,” In Elgar Handbook on Medical Tourism and Patient Mobility (eds. Neil Lunt, Johanna Hanefeld, Daniel Horsfall), Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, United Kingdom, June 25, 141-153.

Gan, Lydia L., & Frederick, James R. (2015). Medical tourism: Consumers concerns over risk and cultural perceptions. Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing, 32(5), 503-517. doi:10.1080/10548408.2014.918923 .

Frederick, James R., & Gan, Lydia L. (2015). East-West differences among medical tourism facilitators' websites. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 4, 98-109. doi:10.1016/j.jdmm.2015.03.002 .

Frederick, James R., & Gan, Lydia L. (2013). Elasticities of demand for medical tourism. Academy of Economics and Finance Journal, 4, 21-30.

Gan, L., & Frederick, J. (2013). Medical tourists: Who goes and what motivates them?  Healthcare Marketing Quarterly, 30(4), 177-194.

Gan, L. (2013). The four modes of medical tourism: Economics, social and institutional impediments. In Medical Tourism: The Ethics, Regulation, and Marketing of Health Mobility, (ed. Michael C. Hall), Routledge, United Kingdom, 47-60.

Gan, L., & Frederick, J. (2011). Medical tourism facilitators: Patterns of service differentiation, Journal of Vacation Marketing, 17(3), 165-183.

Gan, L., & Frederick, J. (2011).  Medical tourism in Singapore:  A structure-conduct-performance analysis.  Journal of Asia-Pacific Business, 12(2), 141-170.

Gan, L., & Frederick, J. (2010).  The willingness to spend on healthcare: Evidence from Singapore,  Review of Applied Economics, 6(1/2), 13-27.  

 

Presentations

Gan, Lydia (2020). “Medical Tourism: Why, Where, and How Shall I Travel for Care Post-Covid-19,” virtual speaker series of Passport for Success Program, School of Business Students event, UNCP, 6:30-7:30-m, EST, Aug 25, 2020.

Gan, Lydia (2020). “Medical Tourism: Consumer Motivation to travel for Treatment Post-Covid-19,” Health and Medical Tourism 2020 virtual conference, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 12pm EST, July 23-24, 2020.

Gan, Lydia (2019). “SWOT Analysis of Medical Tourism in Greece & Turkey” conference proceeding, International Academy of Business and Public Administration (IABPAD) Conference. Novotel Hotel, Athens, Greece, July 22-25. 

Gan, Lydia, Koirala, Bishwa, & Bougt, Daniel (2018). “Online Pricing of Prescription Drugs: U.S. vs. Canada” conference proceeding, International Academy of Business and Public Administration (IABPAD) Conference. Novotel Hotel City Center, Casa Blanca, Morocco, July 2-5.  

Gan, Lydia, Koirala, Bishwa, & Bougt, Daniel (2018). “Online Drug Pricing: U.S. vs. Canada” conference proceeding, The 54th Annual MBAA International Conference. Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 18-20.

Gan, Lydia L., Frederick, James R., & Wiencek, Donna M. (2017). “Perceptions of College Students on Medical Tourism” Southeast Decision Science Institute (SEDSI) 47th Annual Meeting proceedings, Doubletree by Hilton, Charleston, SC, Feb 22-24.

Gan, Lydia, Koirala, Bishwa, & Frederick,James (2017).  “The Effect of Having Heard of Medical Tourism on the Choice of Facilitator,” Academy of Economics and Finance (AEF) 54th Annual Meeting, Francis Marion Hotel, Charleston, SC, Feb 8-11.

Ziemnowicz, Christopher, & Gan, Lydia L. (2016). “Taking a Caribbean Holiday at a Beach Resort, or at a Hospital Targeting International Patients for Medical Treatments?” conference proceeding, The 52nd Annual MBAA International Conference. Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 13-15.

Gan, Lydia L., & Frederick, James R. (2016). “A Survey of Consumers’ Perceptions on Medical Tourism (2015 Study)” conference proceeding, The 52nd Annual MBAA International Conference. Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 13-15.

Gan, Lydia L., Barnes, Richard, Frederick, & James R. (2015). “Emerging Trend in Medical Tourism: Perspectives of Key Players,” Panel Discussion in The Annual Conference of the Academy of International Business-Southeast Chapter, Savannah Marriott Riverfront hotel, Savannah, Georgia, Nov 12-14. 

Frederick, James R., & Gan, Lydia L. (2015). “Does Education Affect the Price Elasticity of Demand for Medical Tourism?” The Annual Conference of the Academy of International Business-Southeast Chapter, Savannah Marriott Riverfront hotel, Savannah, Georgia, Nov 12-14.   

Frederick, James R., Gan, Lydia L., & Wiencek, Donna M. (2015). “Differences in the Elasticity of Demand for Medical Tourism Between Two Regions,” Southeast Institute of Operation Research and Management Sciences (INFORMS) 51st Annual Conference, Hilton Resort, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, October 8‑9.  

Gan, Lydia L., Frederick, James R., & Wiencek, Donna M. (2015). “Medical Tourism: College Students Choice of Facilitators,” Southeast Institute of Operation Research and Management Sciences (INFORMS) 51st Annual Conference, Hilton Resort, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, October 8‑9.  

Gan, Lydia L., & Frederick, James R. (2015). “Medical Tourism: Who Would Facilitate Me?” conference proceeding, The 51st Annual MBAA International Conference. Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Mar 25-27.  

Frederick, James R., & Gan, Lydia L. (2015).  “Medical Tourists’ Sensitivity to Changes in Prices and Incomes,” conference proceeding, The 51st Annual MBAA International Conference. Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Mar 25-27.  

Ziemnowicz, Christopher, & Gan, Lydia L. (2015). "New Marketing of Medical Tourism in an Old Country: the case of Poland" conference proceeding, The 51st Annual MBAA International Conference. Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Mar 25-27.  

Shi, Xinyan, & Gan, Lydia L. (2014). “The Strategic Interaction of Insurance Companies and Healthcare Providers in Medical Tourism”, The 84th Annual Southern Economic Association Conference. Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia, Nov 22-24.  

Gan, Lydia L., Bougt, Daniel, & Frederick, James R. (2014). “An Analysis of Online Drug Pricing between Canada and the U.S.,”, The Annual Conference of the Academy of International Business-Southeast Chapter, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, Oct 23-25. 

Ziemnowicz, Christopher, & Gan, Lydia L. (2014). “Medical Tourism in Poland: Expanding Opportunities and Competition,”, The Annual Conference of the Academy of International Business-Southeast Chapter, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, Oct 23-25. 

Frederick, James R., & Gan, Lydia L. (2014). "Survival Analysis of Medical Tourism Facilitators," The 78th International Atlantic Economic Conference, Hyatt Regency Savannah, GA, Oct 12-15.  

Gan, Lydia L., & Frederick, James R. (2014). “The Four Modes of Decisions Making in Medical Tourism,” (with J. Frederick), The School of Business Research Seminar, University of North Carolina-Pembroke, Apr 16.  

Gan, Lydia L., Frederick, James R., & Wiencek, Donna. (2014). “The Participation Patterns of College Students in Medical Tourism,” Conference proceedings, The 50th Annual MBAA International Conference. Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Mar 26-28. 

Frederick, James R., & Gan, Lydia L. (2014). “An Analysis of Firm Survival in the Medical Tourism Facilitator Industry,” Conference proceedings, The 50th Annual MBAA International Conference. Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Mar 26-28. 

Bougt, D., & Gan, Lydia L. (2014). "Online Drug Pricing Comparison between the U.S. And Canada,” Southeast Decision Science Institute 44th Annual Meeting, Hilton Wilmington Riverside, Wilmington, North Carolina, Feb 19-21.

Gan, Lydia L. (2013). “The Participation Patterns of Medical Tourists," The 6th Annual World Medical Tourism & Global Health Congress, Caesar Palace, Las Vegas, Nov 3-5.   

“Strategic Differentiation: Scope and Trust among Medical Tourism Facilitators,” (J. Frederick and L. Gan), The International Academy of Business and Public Administration Disciplines (IABPAD) Spring Conference, The Sheraton Dallas North near the Galleria, Dallas, Texas, Apr 18-21, 2013.  

"Examining the Negative Price Movements in Healthcare Industry during 2008 Financial Crisis,” (V. Bahhouth, X. Shi, and L. Gan), Midwest Economics Association Annual Meeting 2013, Sheraton Columbus Hotel, Columbus, Ohio, Mar 22-24, 2013. 

“A Survey of Consumers’ Perceptions of Medical Tourism (2012 Study),” (L. Gan and J. Frederick) conference proceeding, The 49th Annual MBAA International Conference. The Drake Hotel, Chicago, Illinois,  Feb 27-Mar 1, 2013. 

"Profiling of Medical Tourists in North Carolina,” (L. Gan, H.C. Koh, and J. Frederick), conference proceeding, International Conference on Business and Information (BAI) 2012, Sapporo, Japan, July 3-5, 2012.  pp. H767-H774.

“A Survey of Consumers’ Perceptions of Medical Tourism (2011 Study),” (L. Gan and J. Frederick) Southeast Decision Science Institute 42nd Annual Meeting, Hilton Columbia Center, Columbia, South Carolina, Feb 29-Mar 2, 2012.

“Differentiation and Trust in the Strategic Behavior of Medical Tourism Facilitators,” (J. Frederick and L. Gan) Southeast Decision Science Institute 42nd Annual Meeting, Hilton Columbia Center, Columbia, South Carolina, Feb 29-Mar 2, 2012.

“Medical Tourism: Consumers’ Patterns of Participation,” (L. Gan and J. Frederick) Academy of Economics  and Finance 39th Annual Meeting, Francis Marion Hotel, Charleston, South Carolina, Feb 8-11, 2012.

“Price Elasticity of Medical Tourism,” (J. Frederick and L. Gan) Academy of Economics  and Finance 39th Annual Meeting, Francis Marion Hotel, Charleston, South Carolina, Feb 8-11, 2012.

 “Patterns of Medical Tourism among Four Modes of Consumers,” (L. Gan and J. Frederick) Southeast Institute of Operation Research and Management Sciences (InfORMS) 47th Annual Conference, Hilton Resort, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, October 6-7, 2011.

“A Survey of Consumers’ Perceptions of Medical Tourism,” (L. Gan and J. Frederick) 2nd Medical Tourism Research Conference, Hyatt Regency Crystal City, Virginia. February 23-25, 2011.

“Medical Tourism Facilitators: Comparing U.S.-based Firms with Non-U.S. Firms” (J. Frederick and L. Gan) 2nd Medical Tourism Research Conference, Hyatt Regency Crystal City, Virginia. February 23-25, 2011.

“Consumer Attitudes towards Medical Tourism,” (L. Gan and J. Frederick) Southeast Institute of Operation Research and Management Sciences (InfORMS) 46th Annual Conference, Hilton Resort, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, October 7‑8, 2010. 

“Medical Tourism Facilitators and their Strategic Behavior,” (J. Frederick and L. Gan) Southeast Institute of Operation Research and Management Sciences (InfORMS) 46th Annual Conference, Hilton Resort, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, October 7‑8, 2010.

“Medical Tourism: Consumers’ Motivations and Impediments,” (L. Gan and J. Frederick) Southeast Decision Science Institute 40th Annual Meeting, Hilton Wilmington Riverside, Wilmington, North Carolina, Feb 17-19, 2010.

“Medical Tourism in the Common Economics Course,” (J. Frederick and L. Gan) 5th Annual Economics Teaching Conference (Gulf Coast Economics Conference), Marriott Savannah Riverfront, Savannah, Georgia, Nov 5-6, 2009.

 “A Data Mining Analysis of Medical Tourism in Singapore,” (H. Koh and L. Gan) International Conference on Tourism Development and Management (ICTDM), Kipriotis Village, Kos Island, Greece, September 11-14, 2009.

“Foreign Healthcare Providers -- A Structure-Conduct-Performance Analysis,” (L. Gan, J. Frederick, and R. Maysami) The 45th Annual MBAA International Conference.  The Drake Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, Mar 18-20, 2009.

“Medical Tourism Facilitators – A Structure-Conduct-Performance Analysis,” (L. Gan and J. Frederick) Southeast Decision Science Institute 39th Annual Meeting, Doubletree Guest Suites, Charleston, South Carolina, Feb 18-20, 2009.

“Incorporating Medical Tourism to the Teaching of Economics,” (L. Gan and J. Frederick) 20th Annual Teaching Economics Conference: Instruction and Classroom Based Research, Robert Morris University, Moon Township, Pennsylvania, Feb 9-21, 2009.