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Biology Careers

Biology Careers

There is a diversity of jobs/professions which typically require, or at least prefer people with biology degrees. Following is a list of some of these possibilities.

Medical and Medical-Related

  • Physicians (many subspecialties), Physician’s Assistant (P.A.)
  • Nursing
  • Anesthesiologist
  • Lab Technician
  • Medical Research in a variety of areas (usually associated with large hospitals or universities)
  • Physical & Speech Therapy
  • Pharmacists
  • Dentist, Dental Assistant/Technician
  • Optometrist
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Veterinarian, Veterinarian Assistant/Lab Technician
  • Audiologist
  • Paramedic
  • Podiatrist
  • Radiologist
  • Coroner
  • Forensics/Pathology
  • Mortician
  • Dietitian/Nutritionist
  • Physical Therapy/Rehabilitation
  • Sports Medicine/Sports Trainer
  • Exercise Physiologist


Teaching science/biology from elementary to university-level (both 
private and state). Many specialty areas, especially at the university level.

University Research

University research at universities in many specialty areas. This could be a small or a large part of a university position.


  • Research in a variety of biological areas such as biotechnology, genomics, toxicology, biomonitoring, impact accessment, product testing, etc.
  • Science Supply Companies: Technicians, Sales Representatives, etc.
  • Medical Supply Companies: Technicians, Sales Representatives, etc.
  • Pharmaceutical Companies: Researchers, Technicians, Sales Representatives, etc.
  • Food Science (Industry): Nutritionist (human or animal), food testing, research in food genetics & biotechnology, preservation, packaging, etc.

Government Jobs (City, State, or Federal)

  • Agricultural research station positions
  • Agricultural extension service positions
  • E.P.A. positions: Lab, field, & library research, biomonitoring, administration, ect.
  • Forest service positions such as forest rangers, agronomists, soil scientists, horticulturists, game wardens, etc.
  • Department of the Interior positions
  • Wildlife biologist/ecologists positions
  • Fisheries biologists
  • Disease Control Agency positions (Center for Disease Control)
  • Food and Drug inspection positions
  • Health & Safety inspections positions
  • Sanitation engineers
  • Some museum positions (from research to curators)
  • Some Zoo, Aquarium, & Arboretum positions
  • Customs inspectors of live material, food, and other materials which could be biologically contaminated or illegal

Nursing Work

Running a nursery, horticulture, landscaping, plant breeding, etc.

Science Writing

Textbooks, magazine articles, essays, popular books, etc.

Nature Photography

Used in books, articles, calendars, posters, etc.

Science Illustration

Drawings/paintings for science-related publications

Science Librarian 




Exterminator of pest species, or research in the pest-control industry

** This cannot be considered to be a complete list of biologically-related areas. You might also look at a list of biology subdivisions (there are a large number of them) to aid in narrowing down you interest and goals in biology.


Updated: Wednesday, January 5, 2011


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